Preventative approaches in radicalisation: a comparative study of early interventions with young people for extreme far right and ‘Islamist’ ideologies.
This qualitative study is interested in early interventions run with vulnerable young people in Wales, who may be susceptible to radicalisation. The early interventions of interest here fall beyond the formal, structured interventions within the government’s Prevent policy and Channel programme, and include workshops and one-to-one youth work designed to increase understanding and reduce stigma around issues such as prejudice, racism and extremism. As radicalisation is generally identified as a process of socialisation or re-socialisation (Crenshaw, 2000; McHugh, 1966), interventions can be implemented at any time, including ‘upstream’, as preventative measures.
Little is known about the effectiveness of different delivery modes (e.g. setting, provider, intensity) and content for these early interventions, and whether they are the same or different across interventions for extreme far-right and ‘Islamist’ ideologies. This research will also explore which components/techniques are considered effective (though perceptions and measures of ‘effectiveness’ are themselves subjective).
The comparative element of this study reflects the current UK landscape in which ‘Islamist’ and extreme far-right ideologies are the dominant concerns (Home Office, 2018).